Methods for ultrafast three-dimensional detection of time-varying light fields

In contrast to humans, the machines’ cognitive abilities of visual perception are not very developed. Humans capture scenes immediately and relate them instantaneously with their actions. For this reason, a selective three-dimensional optical detection of the surrounding scene is sufficient, which is carried out by the stereo vision with two eyes. The aim of this project is to use optical non-linearities which, in addition to self-referencing interferometers, allow the combination of complex reference signals of different frequencies. This enables the realization of completely new vision systems that permit a more comprehensive detection of the optical signal flow. This is necessary as long as the cognitive abilities of machines are subject to the described limitations.